The regulations, offences and fixed-penalty notices applicable to groups of people, including Section 63 gatherings.
As of 6 January 2021 all areas in England are in Tier 4.
Participation in gatherings
- no gatherings permitted (exceptions apply)
- specified outdoor place – no more than 2 people (exceptions apply)
- any other outdoor place – prohibited (exceptions apply)
Specified outdoor place
An outdoor gathering of up to two is permitted if it takes place in a public outdoor place. This must be a place where no payment is required or the place falls within one of the following categories:
- botanical gardens
- gardens or grounds of a castle, stately home, historic house or other heritage site
Exceptions to all gatherings, including (but are not limited to):
- gatherings of linked households
- provisions for children (some childcare provisions are for critical workers or vulnerable children/young people only)
- fulfilling a legal obligation
- communal worship (conditions apply)
Gatherings with limits to the number of people permitted:
- marriages, civil partnerships and alternative weddings no more than six people (conditions apply)
- commemorative events following a person’s death no more than six people
- support groups no more than 15 people
- funerals no more than 30 people
Specific exceptions apply to indoor gatherings (and specified outdoor gatherings):
- where the person is visiting a person who is reasonably believed to be dying (conditions apply)
- where the person is visiting a person receiving treatment in hospital or staying in a hospice or care home or is accompanying them to a medical appointment (conditions apply)
General gatherings – FPN for any of the offences above is £200 payable within 28 days, reduced to £100 if paid within 14 days. The reduction to £100 only applies to the first FPN. The fine amounts double for each subsequent offence. Court proceedings may be brought for non-payment.
Section 63 gatherings
Organisation and facilitation of an event
No person may hold, or be involved in, a Section 63-type gathering. A Section 63-type gathering:
- consists of more than 30 persons
- takes place indoors
- would be an event of the kind mentioned in Section 63(1) of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 if it took place in open air, such as a rave or other unlicensed music event
Anyone contravening the requirements listed above commits an offence, punishable on summary conviction by an FPN.
For organisation or facilitation of a restricted gathering (either a Section 63-type or other relevant gathering), the FPN amount is £10,000 payable within 28 days.
Court proceedings may be brought in case of non-payment. Unlike FPNs for some other offences, such FPNs are not taken into account for the purposes of doubling.